Human Settlements

History

As I pointed Cornereva was documented in 1518, date on which the settlement was made in 16 gospodării. But, although we have no conclusive evidence, are still entitled to believe that these places existed long before human settlements. First few censuses settlements were made during the Austro-Hungarian rule. As we have shown, the census of 1718, there were in Cornereva 60 de gospodării,and at the 1749 there 82 de gospodării. At first all these households were in place todayhouseholdsthe village Cornereva.

Before World War Cornereva center of the village was heavily locuită.Multe land that today there were once densely inhabited dwelling,the actions taken by the Austro-Hungarian concentration of population centers seeking gathered to have greater control over it. Houses in central location-ity were placed side by side along the streets of large and compacts, which today no longer exists.

Since 1900, because population growth has occurred swarming, population withdrawing the valleys and hills so that dwellings and huts, as locals called them and call them,have come from permanent settlements. Withdrawal population was due valleys and hills and catastrophic floods in 1910 when most of the village center was destroyed. Even the cemetery settlement was moved to a place called "Cireşel",located on a hill below near the center of Cornereva.Aici and field training is the company's gra-niceri, Cornereva common border is a city during the Austro-Ungar. After,cemetery was moved to where it was before the flood, that is just south of the center of town.

Now, Cornereva include 40 villages or hamlets, which are spread over the valleys and hills Depression, sometimes, even lower peaks of Cerna Mountains.

 

Toponymic data

Elements of the natural, such as certain forms and micro-landforms, predominance of certain species in certain places, were common elements toponymy for Cornereva. Many of these names are words of Slavonic origin.

Name "Cornereva" comes from the word "cone",meaning "place with horns". Next I present the origin of the name of several villages belonging to the commune Cornereva :

Bogâltin ,Boji - place names that come from the Slavic word "bog", "Boje" = god;

Cozia - toponym comes, probably,Cuman origin of the word "koz" = nut;

Dolina - serbian toponym comes from the word "dolina" = small valley;

Obiţa - toponym comes from the word "bobaie"(bobane) = râ-pă, rough;

Pogara - Serbian toponym comes from the term "pogareti" = destroyed by fire;

Prislop - going through the mountains;

Topla - toponym comes from the Slavic word "Topola" = species of poplar

Zbeg - comes from the "zbăg" = dense forest with many thorns;

Zănogi - valley, dent between the mountains.

 

Typology of settlements

Cornereva commone include 40 villages : Cornereva-centru,Arsuri, Bogâltin, Bojia, Borugi, Camena, Cireşel, Costiş, Cozia, Cracu Mare, Cracul Teiului, Dobraia, Dolina, Gruni, Hora Mare, Hora Micu, Ineleţ, Izvor, Lunca Florii, Lunca Zaicii, Mesteacăn, Negiudin, Obiţa, Pogara de Sus, Poiana Lungă, Prisăcina, Prislop, Ruştin, Scărişoara, Strugăsca, Studena, Sub Crâng, Sub Plai, Topla, Ţaţu, Zănogi, Zbeg, Zmogotin şi Zoina.

It is known that the main criteria by which you can classify rural settlements are : number of inhabitants, form, structure and economic activities.

By the number of people with the Cornereva 3770 enters among large villages.

After form, not exist at the beginning of the local development plan, its development was a spontaneous, Cornereva among villages falling irregularly shaped.

By structure, some villages namely those located in the valleys and lower hils, having a contour, and households are connected by roads, thus exploiting the land forms, digitally penetrating the valleys, these villages are villages scattered.

Other villages,located on low hills or ridges of Cerna mountains , households with fewer, dispersed between them, without access roads,are more hamlets and are part of villages scattered.

By economic activity, they carry people settlements , can be said to be among the Cornereva localities predominantly agricultural.Main occupation of the inhabitants Cornereva is the agriculture, the main branches are livestock and growing of fruit.

 

Typology houses

In the architecture of houses, old style building was completely replaced. Old houses were built of wood, the stone market, in which the basement was where people kept their part of the product. Aceste case aveau, ordinarily, 3 rooms and were covered with shingles and later with middle ţiglă.Încăperea was "Cuina" with you-tra and sometimes brick oven. This room was the kitchen,but was used as a smokehouse for meat and meat products obtained (sausage).

Related to "cuina with fireplace", they are not missing a traditional country house. Hearth symbolize a cult inherited from ancient Rome, the fireplace was a mainstay .Stone, is considered protective. It is known the tradition of stone to throw this out during thunderstorm happens not to hurt that house.

Room of the "cuina",the street, was the living room where slept the whole familie.În behind "Cuina" is the

third room which was, actually, a pantry where people kept their cer-tain products and food. Access to the front and rear room was made, commonly, directly from "Cuina". Access from outside the "Cuina" to do that in a room located on a side wall of the building and called "porch". Front room had one or two smaller windows, latticed.

Currently being built houses with large facade every room in front and back with a long corridor. Foundation stone house is concrete and more recently, brick masonry, and to cover, houses are covered with tile.

More and more people have homes equipped with running water and have built bathrooms and toilets inside the home.

 

Cultural establishments

Passed over 200 years since the first school was established in the village Cornereva. At first the school work with a number of 45 students and teaching language was Romanian language.

In 1781 was founded a school 4 years in Bogâltin village.

By the years 1870 building a new school in the center of, building comprising 2 large class rooms, housing for teachers and household annexes.

In 1961 the center of the building is given into a new school which includes 6 classrooms, hallways, materials and directorial. All villages now being built and main school buildings for November settlement.

Today in Cornereva there 3 schools of 8 years in villages : Cornereva-centru, Gruni and Bogâltin. Schools of 4 years ar found in villages : Zănogi, Dolina, Dobraia and Ineleţ. It also has common Cornereva 5 cultural centers in villages : Cornereva-centru, Gruni, Dolina, Bogâltin and Ineleţ.

In the center of the village was put into an imposing building, where, currently is community center hall,meeting room and other outbuildings.

In the village there is also a medical dispensary, adaptation of an old building but solid built during the Austro-Hungarian rule and first served as company headquarters guard.

There is also an office PTTR, which was established before the year 1920, and in the office is a telephone exchange.

The area, various shops are currently meeting the needs of individual residents consumption.

 

Church

At the end of the eighteenth century the religious service officiated in a church-lived wood. The current church was built between 1797 and 1805, renovated and repainted in the years 1821, 1836, 1888, 1935, 1975 and 1982. Architecture on church premises, it is built in the style of Viennese baroque vaulted large chandeliers hanging. The iconostasis is of particular beauty and glory of the church is. Church have some religious objects, such as icons on wood, heritage value. Some of these icons is Mitropolian Museum of Timişoara.

It is worth remembering that in 1937 Cornereva church was visited by great historian Nicolae Iorga. Scientist left his autograph on one of religious books, but unfortunately gone.